The Virginia Ironwood owes its name to the strength of its wood. A small tree, it has a slow growth rate and is typically only 20-50 feet in height.
In spring, the tree gets a touch of color as its flowers begin to emerge. Female varieties are 1/2” -3/4,” fragrant and yellowish-green and catkin-like. Male flowers are ½” -1” long in clusters of three which are yellowish-green. Flowers develop prior to the leaves. Creamy white seed pods appear in June. By fall they have turned light brown.
When leaves appear they are green, alternate and sharply toothed on the margins. The top side of the leaf is smooth while the underside is slightly hairy. In fall, leaves will transition to yellow, brown and orange.
The Virginia Ironwood tree grows in partial shade and in moist, well-drained soil. Hardiness Zone: 4-8.