The Northern Red Oak tree is a beautiful and stately tree that has a rounded and symmetrical shape that is extremely appealing to the eye. These trees typically grow to 60-100 feet with a 45 foot spread, making it a wonderful shade tree. It’s a fast growing tree, shooting up 24 inches each year and its lifespan is generally 200 years.
In April or May, Northern Red Oak fruit emerge as pale yellowish-green catkins. They yield ½ inch to 1-1/4 inch acorns that are flat, have a thick cap, and are in single or clusters of two to five nuts. Acorns do not mature until the second year.
Its four to eight inch dark-green leaves have seven to eleven waxy lobes. These are smooth and shiny on the topside and slightly hairy on the underside. In fall, the leaves turn a rich russet to lush red shade.
Northern Red Oak trees should be planted in moist, acidic loamy or sandy soil that is well-drained. It can tolerate urban conditions and requires full sunlight to grow. Hardiness Zone: 3- 8.