The Black Gum tree, also known as Black Tupelo, is considered one of the best trees for fall color. Its leaves transform into stunning shades of yellow, scarlet, purple and orange.
The Black Gum tree is also valued as a shade tree, growing to 30-40 feet and having a spread of 20-30 feet.
In summer, the leaves are a striking dark green, three to six inches long, spear-tipped and oval. They remain green until fall when they burst into a kaleidoscope of colors.
Small, greenish-white flowers bloom in May to June and are a favorite source of nectar for honeybees. When fruit appears in September-early October, it is bluish-black and a source of food for many bird species.
Black Gum trees have a moderate growth rate. It prefers full sunlight to partial shade and should be planted in well-drained, acidic, loamy, sandy, moist soils. Hardiness Zone: 4-9.